The Road Safety Unit is urging motorcyclists to wear the required protective devices stipulated by law. Motorcyclists are being encouraged to ensure that all motorcycle helmets acquired are in accordance with the approved standards under the law which are: the British Standard (BS); Japanese International Standard (JIS); Economic Community of Europe Regulations (ECER) and the Federal Motor Vehicle Standards (FMVS).
The law requires that any person while operating a motorcycle shall wear a protective helmet of the shape, quality and construction or standard prescribed. Helmets protect the head from injuries and the likelihood of death. The helmet should cover all of the head and should be in good condition, if not it will not work properly in the event of a crash. Helmets are the main protective device to be worn by the motorcyclists and pillion passengers which absorb much of the force upon impact in a collision.
Most helmets are constructed from plastic designed with crumple zones which absorbs most of the shock on impact. The interior of the helmet is padded to fit more securely and offer added protection (the brain does not hit the skull with such great force). In collisions, helmets are designed to crack and break in certain areas because of the shock they absorb. It also spreads the forces of the impact over a greater surface area so that they are not concentrated on particular areas of the skull. The helmet in all forms acts as a barrier between the head and the object.
A car travelling 30 mph is just the same as jumping from a third floor of a building. An unbuckled person in the car will continue at that same speed until stopped by a windshield, dashboard etc. Seatbelts restrict motion in a collision, protecting the body from being thrown from the vehicle.
The law sets out the vehicles must be equipped with seatbelts.
- Trucks constructed to carry passengers as defined by law must have seatbelts on the Front Seat Only.
- Motor cars, private motor cars and invalid carriages are to be fitted with seatbelts in the front seats and rear seats.
- Public Passenger Vehicles
- Stage Carriages: on the front seat only - These vehicles are usually buses.
- Express Carriages: on the front seat only - These too are usually buses.
- Contract Carriages: except for trucks, on the front and rear seats - This class of public passenger vehicles can be either truck (buses) or cars hence the exception.
- Hackney carriages: on the front and rear seats - This class of carriage is what is referred to as taxis.